Job Shortages

The tables below show the top three occupations that are projected from 2018-2028 of Vermont employers based on the level of education they require. There is a state minimum wage of $11.75 in Vermont. The one highlighted occupation under each of the three education levels has been selected to expand on in terms of potential career advancement.

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Potential Career Advancement

1) Personal Care Aide to Medical Assistant

Personal Care Aide Job Description: 

  • Provide assistance to individuals with disability or illness in completing daily tasks

 Entry Level Requirements:  

  • No training requirements for PCA’s in the state of Vermont, but may be requested 
  • PCA training programs in Vermont listed here

Medical Assistant Job Description: 

  • Perform administrative and certain clinical duties under the direction of a physician

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • Complete a state-approved Medical Assistant School or Program, list of accredited schools in Vermont listed here
  • Certification is not required by Vermont state law, but employers will often require it
  • Apply to be nationally certified here ($125-$250, renewal every 3 years)

2) Carpenter to Supervisor of Construction Trades Workers

Carpenter Job Description: 

  • Construct, erect, install, or repair structures and fixtures made of wood and comparable materials, such as concrete forms; building frameworks, including partitions, joists, studding, and rafters; and wood stairways, window and door frames, and hardwood floors

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Complete an apprenticeship program in Vermont (average 3-4 years)

Job Description: 

  • Directly supervise and coordinate activities of construction workers

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • Typical 3-5 years experience in construction industry required
  • Bachelor’s degree in construction, business, management, or engineering preferable

3) Accountant & Auditor to Financial Manager

Accountant & Auditor Job Description: 

  •  Analyze financial information and prepare financial reports on activities in an organization

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Bachelor’s degree with Accounting concentration (equivalent to 150 semester hours) 
  • 1 year of experience in accounting related field 
  • Pass the CPA exam (Approx. $900 with $150 application fee) 
  • Pass the AICPA ethics exam with a minimum score of 90
  • No state residency or citizenship requirement, but social security is required 

Financial Manager Job Description: 

  • Plan, direct, or coordinate accounting, investing, banking, insurance, securities, and other financial activities of a branch, office, or department of an establishment

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • Bachelor’s degree in finance related field, Master’s degree encouraged
  • 5+ years of experience in business or finance, more information found here


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Immigration in Vermont

he following are facts about the immigrant community in Vermont

  • Immigrants comprise 5% of the state population and 6% of the Vermont labor force 
  • Top industries of immigrant employment: 
    • Health Care and Social Assistance, 5,198 workers 
    • Retail Trade, 3,914 workers 
    • Educational Services, 3,006 workers 
    • Manufacturing, 1,721 workers 
    • Professional, scientific and Technical Services, 1,647 workers 
  • 1,335 immigrant business owners account for 3% of all self-employed Vermont residents
  • 61% of immigrants in Vermont are naturalized and another 4% are undocumented
  • Top foreign-born countries of origin:
    • Canada, 20% 
    • Nepal, 7% 
    • Jamaica, 6% 
    • The Philippines, 6% 
    • Bosnia and Herzegovina, 5% 
  • 6% of native-born Vermonters are children of an immigrant
  • Educational attainment of foreign born adults in Vermont
    • High School diploma or less –  29
    • More than HS diploma, less than Bachelor’s degree – 22
    • Bachelor’s degree or higher – 50









* Share of immigrant professionals, who are unemployed, employed at poverty-level wages in High School diploma or less jobs, or significantly underemployed in more than HS diploma, less than Bachelor’s degree jobs

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Projections Managing Partnership (PMP), Projections Central – State Occupational Projections, “Long Term Occupational Projection (2018-2028)”; 

Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates;  

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections, “Education and training assignments by detailed occupation,” 2019;  

National Council of State Legislatures, “State Minimum Wages”, December 2020; 

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Economic News Release, “Employees on Nonfarm Payrolls by State, Seasonally adjusted”, November 2020;  

Potential Career Advancement 

National Conference of State Legislatures, “The National Occupational Licensing Database”, March 2020:  


American Immigration Council, State by State Fact Sheet, August 2020;

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