Job Shortages

The tables below show the top three occupations that are projected from 2018-2028 of Utah employers based on the level of education they require. There is a state minimum wage of $7.25 in Utah. The one highlighted occupation under each of the three education levels has been selected to expand on in terms of potential career advancement.



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Potential Career Advancement

1) Retail Salesperson to Supervisor of Retail Sales Workers

Retail Salesperson Job Description: 

  • Sell merchandise, such as furniture, motor vehicles, appliances, or apparel to consumers

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Short-term, on-the-job training
  • English language proficiency 

Supervisor of Retail Sales Workers Job Description: 

  • Supervise and coordinate activities of retail sales workers in a department 

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • High school diploma or GED typically required

2) Electrician to Electrical Engineer

Electrician Job Description: 

  • Install, maintain, and repair electrical wiring, equipment, and fixtures

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Choose which type of Electrical license you wish to obtain: (1) Journeyman Electrician can work on a wide range of job sites, including commercial and industrial, (2) Residential Journeyman Electrician is limited to residential work, (3) Master Electrician can plan and supervise a complex project 
  • Complete an approved apprenticeship program and accumulate on-the-job hours
  • Pass the Utah Electrical Licensing Theory, Code, and Practical Examinations 
  • Apply for license with state of Utah

Electrical Engineer Job Description: 

  • Research, design, develop, test, or supervise the manufacturing and installation of electrical equipment, components, or systems for commercial, industrial, military, or scientific use

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • Bachelor’s degree in Electrical Engineering often required 
  • Pass the Professional Engineer exam
  • Apply for Professional Engineer license with state of Utah

3) General & Operations Manager to Chief Executive

General & Operations Manager Job Description: 

  • Plan, direct, or coordinate the operations of public or private sector organizations, overseeing multiple departments or locations

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Bachelor’s degree in Business related field 
  • Prior experience in managerial position often required, more information found here

Chief Executive Job Description: 

  • Determine and formulate policies and provide overall direction of companies or private and public sector organizations within guidelines set up by a board of directors or similar governing body

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • Bachelor’s degree in Business related field, MBA encouraged
  • 5+ years of management experience, more information found here


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Immigration in Utah

The following are facts about the immigrant community in Utah

  • Immigrants comprise 9% of the state population and 11% of the Utah labor force 
  • Top industries of immigrant employment: 
    • Manufacturing, 31,148 workers 
    • Construction, 24,707 workers 
    • Accommodation and Food Services, 21,605 workers 
    • Health Care and Social Assistance, 19,173 workers 
    • Retail Trade, 16,735 workers 
  • 16,852 immigrant business owners account for 11% of all self-employed Utah residents
  • 41% of immigrants in Utah are naturalized and another 38% are undocumented
  • Top foreign-born countries of origin:
    • Mexico, 35% 
    • India, 4% 
    • Venezuela, 4% 
    • Peru, 4% 
    • Canada, 3% 
  • 9% of native-born Utahns are children of an immigrant
  • Educational attainment of foreign born adults in Utah
    • High School diploma or less –  51
    • More than HS diploma, less than Bachelor’s degree – 22
    • Bachelor’s degree or higher – 27









* Share of immigrant professionals, who are unemployed, employed at poverty-level wages in High School diploma or less jobs, or significantly underemployed in more than HS diploma, less than Bachelor’s degree jobs


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Projections Managing Partnership (PMP), Projections Central – State Occupational Projections, “Long Term Occupational Projection (2018-2028)”;  http://www.projectionscentral.com/Projections/LongTerm 

Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm  

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections, “Education and training assignments by detailed occupation,” 2019; https://www.bls.gov/emp/tables/education-and-training-by-occupation.htm  

National Council of State Legislatures, “State Minimum Wages”, December 2020; http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/state-minimum-wage-chart.aspx#Table 

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Economic News Release, “Employees on Nonfarm Payrolls by State, Seasonally adjusted”, November 2020; https://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.t03.htm  

Potential Career Advancement 

National Conference of State Legislatures, “The National Occupational Licensing Database”, March 2020: https://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/occupational-licensing-statute-database.aspx  


American Immigration Council, State by State Fact Sheet, August 2020; https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/topics/state-by-state

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