Job Shortages

The tables below show the top three occupations that are projected from 2018-2028 of Louisiana employers based on the level of education they require. There is no state minimum wage in Louisiana, the minimum wage is $7.25 based on federal law. The one highlighted occupation under each of the three education levels has been selected to expand on in terms of potential career advancement.


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Potential Career Advancement

1) Waiter & Waitress to Certified Food Manager

Waiter & Waitress Job Description: 

  • Take orders and serve food and beverages to patrons at tables in a restaurant 

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Food Handler Certification – not required by Louisiana law, but employers may prefer it  
  • Obtain Food Handler Certification online here ($6, 2 hours); click here to take exam in Español, 普通话, 한국어, Việt, American Sign Language, Tagalog, Serbo-Croatian
  • If serving alcohol and/or tobacco, must obtain a responsible vendor service permit ($20)

Certified Food Manager Job Description: 

  • Responsible for food safety to protect the public from illness as required by state regulations

Career Advancement Requirements:  

  • Pass the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) certification exam ($55, 1.5 hours)
  • Online training courses are not required, but provide knowledge to prepare for the exam

2) Licensed Practical Nurse to Registered Nurse

Licensed Practical Nurse Job Description: 

  • Care for ill and/or injured patients or persons with disabilities 

Career Advancement Requirements 

Registered Nurse Job Description: 

  • Assess patient health problems and needs, develop and administer nursing care 

Career Advancement Requirements:  

3) Elementary School Teacher to Education Administrator

Elementary School Teacher Job Description: 

  • Teach academic and social skills to students at the elementary school level 

Entry Level Requirements:  

  • Complete state-approved teacher preparation programs at an accredited college 
  • Pass a Pre-Professional Skills Test (PPST) & a Core Academic Skills for Educators test 
  • Pass Praxis exams specific to subject area and grade level; full requirements here

Education Administrator Job Description: 

  • Plan and coordinate student instruction in an educational institution 

Career Advancement Requirements 

  • Louisiana Department of Education issues two types of administrative certificates – 1) Level 1 for Principals & Supervisors and 2) Level 3 for Superintendents 
  • Must have a Master’s degree with a concentration in education 
  • Pass the Praxis School Leaders Licensure Assessment (Level 1)  
  • 5-years of full-time teaching experience (Level 1)

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Immigration in Louisiana

The following are facts about the immigrant community in Louisiana:  

  • Immigrants comprise 4% of the state population and 5% of the Louisiana labor force
  • Top industries of immigrant employment:
    • Construction, 26,848 workers 
    • Retail Trade, 13,723  
    • Other Services (except Public Administration), 13,382 
    • Health Care and Social Assistance, 12,149 
    • Accommodation and Food Services, 11,759 
  • 23,310 immigrant business owners account for 10% of all self-employed Louisiana residents
  • 40% of immigrants in Louisiana are naturalized and another 36% are undocumented
  • Top foreign-born countries of origin:
    • Mexico, 16% 
    • Honduras, 15% 
    • Vietnam, 10% 
    • Philippines, 5% 
    • Guatemala, 4% 
  • 4% of native-born Louisianans are children of an immigrant
  • Educational attainment of foreign born adults in Louisiana:
    • High School diploma or less – 52
    • More than HS diploma, less than Bachelor’s degree – 19
    • Bachelor’s degree or higher – 29%







* Share of immigrant professionals, who are unemployed, employed at poverty-level wages in High School diploma or less jobs, or significantly underemployed in more than HS diploma, less than Bachelor’s degree jobs


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Projections Managing Partnership (PMP), Projections Central – State Occupational Projections, “Long Term Occupational Projection (2018-2028)”;  http://www.projectionscentral.com/Projections/LongTerm 

Bureau of Labor Statistics, May 2019 State Occupational Employment and Wage Estimates; https://www.bls.gov/oes/current/oessrcst.htm  

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Employment Projections, “Education and training assignments by detailed occupation,” 2019; https://www.bls.gov/emp/tables/education-and-training-by-occupation.htm  

National Council of State Legislatures, “State Minimum Wages”, December 2020; http://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/state-minimum-wage-chart.aspx#Table 

Bureau of Labor Statistics, Economic News Release, “Employees on Nonfarm Payrolls by State, Seasonally adjusted”, November 2020; https://www.bls.gov/news.release/laus.t03.htm  

Potential Career Advancement 

National Conference of State Legislatures, “The National Occupational Licensing Database”, March 2020: https://www.ncsl.org/research/labor-and-employment/occupational-licensing-statute-database.aspx  


American Immigration Council, State by State Fact Sheet, August 2020; https://www.americanimmigrationcouncil.org/topics/state-by-state

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