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Employment & Entrepreneurship: References

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The following is a list of references to equip immigrant advocates, service providers and immigrants with important information about employment.  If you have a relevant reference you want to share, please send us the information.

Title Author/Date Description

Hidden Slaves: Forced Labor in the United States NEW!

Free the Slaves and Human Rights Center at the University of California, Berkeley


Documents the nature and scope of forced labor in the United States from January 1998 to December 2003. It is the first study to examine the numbers, demographic characteristics, and origins of victims and perpetrators of forced labor in the United States and the adequacy of the U.S. response to this growing problem.

Immigrant Worker Safety and Health: The Need for Meaningful Legal Protections NEW!

National Employment Law Project


Recently there has been a great deal of attention paid to the disproportionately high levels of workplace injuries and fatalities among immigrant workers. While increased public acknowledgement of this serious and growing problem is an important first step, government agencies must work to ensure that immigrant workers have meaningful protection under the workplace safety and health laws regardless of immigration status.

Getting to Work (PDF)

Laura Chenven
Working for America Institute


Getting to Work profiles eight (8) programs that combine language and occupational training to prepare LEP workers for their communities' better jobs. This report draws some important practice and policy conclusions that have implications for both workforce development practitioners and immigrant advocates.

Immigrants and Labor Union Membership

Elizabeth Grieco
Migration Policy Institute


This fact sheet contains information about the increase of immigrants in the U.S. work force, and the participation in labor unions of both native and foreign-born workers.

Latino Labor Report 2003: Strong but Uneven Gains in Employment

Rakesh Kochhar
Pew Hispanic Center


Reports on data from the Bureau of Labor Statistics and the Census Bureau on the Hispanic employment gains in the labor market in 2003.

What Kind of Work Do Immigrants Do? (PDF)

Migration Policy Institute


A report on data from the US Census Bureau on the occupation and industry of the foreign-born workers in the United States and information on where they are from.

Low Pay, High Risk: State Models for Advancing Immigrant Workers' Rights (PDF)

National Employment Law Project (NELP)


Provides examples of how states and localities can enact legislation and policies that benefit low-wage immigrant workers, including undocumented workers.

Newcomers in the American Workplace: Improving Employment Outcome for Low-Wage Immigrants and Refugees (PDF)

Grantmakers Concerned with Immigrants and Refugees (GCIR) with Neighborhood Funders Group


Addressing challenges and creating oportunities for immigrants to succeed in the labor force are prerequisites to improving the economic security for all low-wage working families and ensuring the future vitality of our economy.

Improving Health and Safety Conditions for California’s Immigrant Workers (PDF)

Working Immigrant Safety and Health Coalition (WISH)


Details recommendations for action to increase and ensure safety of immigrant workers.

Mexican Immigrant Workers and the U.S, Economy: An Increasingly Vital Role

American Immigration Law Foundation


Examines the need to address the immigration issues facing the United State and Mexico.

Crossroads Campaign Solutions