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Employment & Entrepreneurship: Laws & Policies

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National laws and policies often affect the challenges faced or opportunities created in your community. The following laws and policies about employment may inspire insight, understanding or change through community activism.

Labor related references to the Code of Federal Regulations and the United States Code.

Family and Medical Leave Act of 1993
This act gives many workers the right to take time off from work because of birth/adoption of a child or their own serious illness, or the serious illness of a parent, child, or spouse and return to the same or equivalent job.

The Immigration Reform and Control Act of 1986 (IRCA) establishes fines for employers who hire undocumented workers. Section 102 of IRC prohibits employment from discriminating against workers on the basis of national origin or citizenship status.

Occupational Safety and Health Act of 1970
This act assures safe and healthful working conditions for working men and women.

Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964
Title VII bars an employer from discriminating against an individual on the basis of race, color, religion, sex, or national origin in the workplace.

Migrant and Seasonal Agricultural Worker Protection Act (MSPA)
This act requires employers and farm labor contractors to pay the wages owed to migrant or seasonal agricultural workers when the payments are due.

Fair Labor Standards Act (FLSA) (PDF)
FLSA establishes minimum wage, overtime pay, recordkeeping, and child labor standards affecting full-time and part-time workers in the private sector and in federal, state, and local governments.

National Labor Relations Act (PDF)
This act guarantees employees the right to organize and to bargain collectively with their employers.

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